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All you need to know about vitamin D causes, symptoms and treatment



  • Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency
  •   Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency in children
  •   Causes of vitamin D deficiency
  • Complications of vitamin D deficiency
  • Treating vitamin D deficiency
  •   recommended amounts of vitamin D
  • Benefits of Vitamin D
  • Common questions about vitamin D deficiency

Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency

  1.   Feeling tired and general weakness in the body
  2.   Bone and joint pain, sensitivity and pain when pressing on joints
  3.   Increased risk of rickets and fractures
  4.   Weakened immune system, increased risk of various diseases
  5.   Depression, mood swings and constant sadness.

People who are suspected of having a vitamin D deficiency should take a blood test to measure the levels of the vitamin in the body. .

Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency in children

Vitamin D deficiency in children can greatly affect their health and development. Symptoms of vitamin D deficiency in children include:

  1.   Poor growth: A child's growth may be greatly affected in the case of vitamin D deficiency.
  2.   Pain and weakness in the bones: The child can suffer from aches, tenderness, and pain when putting pressure on the joints.
  3.   Rickets: Vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of developing rickets at an early age.
  4.   Immune diseases: Vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of various diseases due to a weak immune system.
  5.   Depression: Vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of depression.

Parents should take care to feed their children vitamin D rich foods, including fortified milk, fatty fish, egg yolks, cheese and fortified cereals. A doctor should be consulted in case of suspicion of vitamin D deficiency, and the necessary doses should be determined to compensate for the deficiency and maintain the health of the child.

Causes of vitamin D deficiency

There are several reasons that may lead to a deficiency of vitamin D in the body, including:

  1.   Inadequate exposure to sunlight: indoor work sessions and daily modern life can reduce exposure to natural sunlight and thus obtain sufficient vitamin D.
  2.   Unbalanced diet: It can be few foods rich in vitamin D in the diet, and this leads to a deficiency of the vitamin in the body.
  3.   Absorption problems: Intestinal conditions such as Crohn's disease, inflammatory bowel disease, and others can cause poor absorption of vitamins and other nutrients, including vitamin D.
  4.   Genetic factors: Vitamin D deficiency may be linked to some genetic factors.
  5.   Age: The ability to manufacture vitamin D in the skin declines with age, and thus the risk of vitamin D deficiency increases in the elderly.
  6. Individuals who suspect a vitamin D deficiency in their body should consult a physician for diagnosis and treatment of the condition and determination of the necessary doses to compensate for the deficiency.

Complications of vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency can lead to many complications, including:

  1.   Osteoporosis: Vitamin D enhances the absorption of calcium and phosphorus in the bones, and thus vitamin deficiency reduces bone density and increases the risk of fractures and osteoporosis.
  2.   Muscle weakness: Vitamin D deficiency can cause muscle weakness and muscle spasms.
  3.   Increased risk of heart disease: Some suggest that vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of cardiovascular disease.
  4.   Increased risk of immune diseases: Some indicate that vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of immune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, lupus erythematosus, and others.
  5.   Increased risk of neurological diseases: Some indicate that vitamin D deficiency may increase the risk of certain neurological diseases such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease.
  6. Individuals who suspect a vitamin D deficiency in their body should consult a doctor to diagnose and treat the condition and determine the necessary doses to compensate for the deficiency and prevent complications.

Treating vitamin D deficiency

Vitamin D deficiency can be treated by adding more of this vitamin to the body through medication or nutrition. Here are some options that can be used to treat a vitamin D deficiency:

  1.   Dietary Supplements: Individuals with vitamin D deficiency can take vitamin D supplements. You should consult your doctor before taking nutritional supplements to ensure the proper dosage.
  2.   Ultraviolet rays: Exposure of the skin to the sun can increase the body's production of vitamin D. However, you should be careful not to overexposure to the sun to reduce the risk of skin cancer.
  3.   Nutrition: Some foods contain vitamin D, such as fatty fish, milk, cheese, eggs and mushrooms. Individuals with vitamin D deficiency may increase the consumption of these foods.
  4.   Pharmacological treatment: The doctor may prescribe drug therapy to increase vitamin levels in the body. High doses of vitamin D are usually the best option for treating severe deficiency.

You should consult a doctor to determine the necessary doses and the period of time required to treat vitamin D deficiency and avoid complications.

recommended amounts of vitamin D

The recommended amounts of vitamin D vary according to the age group and general health status of the individual, according to the recommendations of various health authorities. However, the recommended amounts for the main age groups can be indicated as follows:

  • Infants: 400-1000 IU daily.
  • Children from one year to 18 years old: 600-1000 international units per day.
  • Adults 19 years and over: 600-2000 IU daily.

It is worth noting that some diseases and other health conditions, such as obesity and taking some medications, can affect the body's needs for vitamin D, and higher or lower doses may be required than the recommended amounts. Therefore, a doctor should be consulted to determine the correct dosage according to the individual health condition.

Benefits of Vitamin D

Vitamin D is one of the essential vitamins that the body needs, and it has many important benefits for health, including:

  1.  Improve bone health: Vitamin D increases the absorption of calcium and phosphorus from the intestine, which helps build and strengthen bones, and can help prevent osteoporosis.
  2.  Improving heart health: Many studies indicate that getting adequate amounts of vitamin D can reduce the risk of cardiovascular disease, especially in people with severe vitamin deficiency.
  3.  Improving immune health: Vitamin D helps support and boost the body's immune system, and can help prevent infectious and inflammatory diseases.
  4.  Improve overall health: Vitamin D can help improve skin, hair, and teeth health, improve mood, and relieve depression.
  5.  Improve the health of mothers and children: Getting adequate amounts of vitamin D during pregnancy and breastfeeding can help improve the health of mothers and children.

Vitamin D can be obtained by exposure to direct sunlight, as well as from some foods such as fish and cheese, and by taking nutritional supplements.

Common questions about vitamin D deficiency

  1.  What is the cause of vitamin D deficiency? A deficiency in vitamin D can be due to a lack of exposure to sunlight, a lack of intake of vitamin D-rich foods, and sometimes due to problems with nutritional absorption.
  2.  What are the symptoms that may appear due to vitamin D deficiency? Symptoms include tiredness, fatigue, pain in the bones and muscles, spasms, and bone and dental disease.
  3.  How can vitamin D deficiency be treated? Vitamin D deficiency can be treated by taking nutritional supplements containing vitamin D in appropriate doses and by adjusting the diet to include an adequate intake of foods rich in vitamin D.
  4.  What are the recommended amounts of vitamin D for adults? The American Dietetic Association recommends an intake of 600-800 IU of vitamin D daily.
  5. Can vitamin D be obtained only through food? Vitamin D can be obtained by eating some foods rich in vitamin D such as fatty fish, cheese and milk fortified with vitamins, but sun exposure is the main source of vitamin D.

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