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Learn about the dangers of increasing salts in your body and methods of prevention and treatment!

 Learn about the dangers of increasing salts in your body and methods of prevention and treatment!



  • Information about excess salts
  • Causes of high sodium
  • Treating high sodium
  • Causes of high potassium
  • Treating high potassium
  • Causes of high calcium
  • Treat high calcium
  • Causes of high phosphorous
  • High phosphorus treatment

Information about excess salts

  • An increase in salts in the body means an increase in the concentration of chemical salts in the body, including basic mineral salts such as sodium, potassium, chloride, calcium and magnesium.
  • An increase in the concentration of salts in the body causes symptoms such as dehydration, thirst, nausea, vomiting, diarrhea, headache, tremors, weakness, and muscle pain, and may lead to problems in the heart, kidneys, and brain.
  • An increase in the concentration of salts in the body is the result of eating a large amount of salts in food, severe dehydration, or taking certain medications such as steroids, antibiotics, and some medications used to treat headaches and high blood pressure.
  • It is possible to treat an increase in salts in the body by drinking sufficient amounts of water and other fluids, and avoiding eating foods rich in salts. Some diuretics can also be used to reduce the salt load in the body.
  • In order to prevent an increase in salts in the body, you should avoid eating foods rich in salts, such as salty foods and fast food, and you should drink sufficient amounts of water and other fluids, and eat fresh foods rich in fiber and vitamins.

Causes of high sodium

An elevated level of sodium in the body can occur due to several reasons, including:

1- Dehydration: When the body loses large amounts of water, the percentage of remaining sodium increases

2- Kidney problems: Kidney failure can keep sodium levels in the blood within normal limits, leading to a high level of sodium.

3- Use of certain medications: Some medications, such as cortisone and some antidepressants, can lead to an increase in the level of sodium in the blood.

4- Problems with the pituitary gland: The pituitary gland is responsible for secreting the hormone adrenaline, and if there is a problem with this gland, this may cause an increase in the level of sodium in the blood.

5- Pregnancy: Pregnancy may lead to an increase in the level of sodium in the blood, and this usually occurs in the last trimester of pregnancy.

6- Tumors: Some tumors, such as lung or brain cancer, can cause a high level of sodium in the blood.

You should see a doctor to determine the exact cause of the high sodium level and to prescribe the appropriate treatment.

Treating high sodium

  • High sodium in the blood may occur due to several reasons, such as severe dehydration, disorders of the pituitary gland, or eating too much salt. The patient should see a doctor to determine the exact cause of the elevated sodium level and to prescribe the appropriate treatment.
  • If the rise in sodium level is caused by severe dehydration, treatment includes taking more medical fluids, to compensate for the severe lack of fluids in the body. Water and sports drinks can be taken in large quantities to help restore the electrolyte balance in the body.
  • If other causes cause a high level of sodium in the blood, the doctor may recommend changing the diet, reducing salt intake, and taking certain medications that help regulate the level of sodium in the blood.
It is important to adhere to your doctor's instructions and maintain regular follow-up to assess your blood sodium levels and ensure that no new problems develop.

Causes of high potassium

A high level of potassium in the blood can occur due to several reasons, including:

1- Kidney failure: Kidney failure can keep potassium levels in the blood within normal limits, resulting in a high potassium level.

2- Dehydration: When the body loses large amounts of water, the remaining percentage of potassium rises, which leads to an increase in the level of potassium in the blood.

3- Use of certain medications: Some medications such as corticosteroids, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs and some heart medications can lead to an increase in the level of potassium in the blood.

4- Severe burn: A severe burn can lead to potassium leakage from cells into the blood, leading to a high level of potassium in the blood.

5- Disorders of the adrenal gland: The adrenal gland produces the hormone aldosterone, which helps control potassium levels in the blood, and if there is a disorder in the production of this hormone, this may cause an increase in the level of potassium in the blood.

6- Diabetes: Uncontrolled diabetes can lead to leakage of potassium from cells into the blood, leading to a high level of potassium in the blood.

You should see a doctor to determine the exact cause of the high potassium level and to prescribe the appropriate treatment. In some cases, treatment can be in the form of dietary modifications

Treating high potassium

  • High potassium in the blood may occur due to several reasons, such as kidney failure, eating too much salt, or using certain medications. The patient should see a doctor to determine the exact cause of the high potassium level and to prescribe the appropriate treatment.
  • If the high potassium level is caused by kidney failure, your doctor may recommend medications that help reduce potassium buildup in the body and improve kidney function. The patient may also be advised to reduce the intake of some potassium-rich foods, such as bananas, avocados, sweet potatoes, and chickpeas.
  • If other causes cause a high potassium level in the blood, the doctor may recommend changing the diet, reducing salt intake, and taking certain medications that help regulate the level of potassium in the blood.
  • In an emergency, the doctor can recommend immediate medical treatment to lower the level of potassium in the blood, such as taking certain medications or conducting special blood sessions.

It is important to adhere to the doctor's instructions and maintain regular follow-up to assess the levels of potassium in the blood and to ensure that no new problems develop.

Causes of high calcium

A high level of calcium in the blood can occur as a result of several reasons, the most important of which are:

1. Hyperthyroidism: An overactive thyroid gland can lead to an elevated level of H. helicothyroid hormone, which in turn leads to increased absorption of calcium in the digestive tract and increased release of calcium from the bones.

2. The presence of tumors in the thyroid or adrenal glands: tumors in these glands can secrete hormones that increase the absorption of calcium in the digestive system and increase the release of calcium from the bones.

3. Lymphoma: It is a type of cancer that affects the lymphatic system, and can lead to an increase in the level of calcium in the blood as a result of the cancer cells secreting chemicals that increase the absorption of calcium in the digestive system.

4. Kidney failure: disorders in kidney function can lead to an increase in the level of calcium in the blood.

5. Take some medications: such as hormonal treatment for breast cancer, some thyroid medications, schizophrenia, or painkillers that contain calcium.

The causes associated with a high level of calcium in the blood must be treated, by consulting a doctor, determining the possible cause and taking the appropriate treatment.

Treat high calcium

Treatment for a high level of calcium in the blood depends on the cause and severity of the elevation. Here are some steps you can take to treat a high blood calcium level:

1. Treating conditions associated with high calcium levels: The underlying condition causing the high blood calcium level must be treated, such as parathyroid or adrenal tumors or lymphomas.

2. Reducing calcium consumption: The consumption of foods and drinks that contain calcium should be reduced, especially if the foods eaten are rich in calcium, such as dairy and its derivatives.

3. Drink plenty of fluids: Drink plenty of fluids to help reduce the high level of calcium in the blood.

4. Medication: Medications can be used to treat high levels of calcium in the blood, such as bisphosphonates, corticosteroids, and inverse inhibitors of calcium receptors.

5. Treatment of calcium poisoning: In case of calcium poisoning, drug treatments designed to improve urine flow and reduce excess calcium accumulations in the body should be used.

6. Treating symptoms caused by a high level of calcium: Medicines can be used to treat symptoms associated with a high level of calcium in the blood, such as German therapy for bones and injuries.

Causes of high phosphorous

There are several reasons for a high level of phosphorus in the blood, including:

1- Disorders of the thyroid gland.

 2- Not functioning well in the kidneys, especially in the stage of renal failure.

 3- Cancerous tumors, especially tumors that cause bone fractures. 

4- Chemotherapy and radiation. 

5- Adrenal gland disorders. 

6- Some medicines such as phosphates and salt containing phosphates.

The patient should see a doctor to determine the possible cause of the high level of phosphorus in the blood and to initiate appropriate treatment. Treatment usually includes diet modification, drug therapy, and in some cases, treatment of the associated condition.

High phosphorus treatment

Treatment for a high level of phosphorous in the blood includes:

1- Changing the lifestyle: It includes changing the diet, especially avoiding foods rich in phosphorus, increasing the intake of foods rich in calcium, in addition to exercising and movement on a regular basis.

2- Pharmacological treatment: Some drugs such as salt phosphate, carbonate, and calcium hydroxide are used to inhibit the absorption of phosphorus in the intestine, and these drugs are usually taken before meals.

3- Dialysis treatment: In cases of high phosphorus level due to poor kidney function, dialysis is one of the effective treatments, during which the blood is purified from excess phosphorus.

4- Surgical treatment: In cases of growth of thyroid or adrenal gland tumors that lead to an elevated level of phosphorus in the blood, surgical treatment is done to remove the tumors.

The patient should see a doctor to determine the most appropriate treatment, depending on the cause of the high level of phosphorus in the blood. The doctor's recommendations should be adhered to and cooperated with in treatment to improve the general health condition.


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